U.S. Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century: Getting it Right

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76. Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, America’s Strategic Posture (final report), op. cit., pp. 25-26

77. Chilton, Opening Statement, Senate Armed Services Committee, op. cit., p.5 (12 March 2008)

78. Senate ICBM Coalition letter to President Obama, 14 May 2009

79. Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, America’s Strategic Posture (final report), op. cit., p. 31

80. Ibid.

81. Ibid.

82. Ibid., p. 33

83. Ibid.

84. Chilton, Opening Statement, Senate Committee on Armed Services, op. cit., p. 7 (19 March 2009)

85.  Ibid., p. 8

86.  Hearing Before the Subcomm. on Strategic Forces of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, 110th Cong. (27 February 2008) (statement of Thomas P. D’Agostino, Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration U.S. Department of Energy) https://nnsa.energy.gov/news/1799.htm (accessed 14 April 2009)

87. D’Agostino, Opening Statement, Senate Committee on Appropriations, op. cit., p. 3 (April 16, 2008)

88. Ibid.

89. Gates, Nuclear Weapons and Deterrence in the 21st Century, op. cit., p. 7

90. Ibid.

91. Anastasio, The Stockpile Stewardship Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory, op. cit., p. 12 (16 April, 2008)

92.  Ibid., p. 2

93.  Ibid., p. 9

94. Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack, April 2008, p. vi (https://www.empcommission.org/docs/A2473-EMP_Commission-7MB.pdf) (accessed 22 June 2009)

95. New Deterrent Working Group, Towards a New Deterrent, Air & Space Power Journal (1 March, 2009) https://www.au.af.mil/au/cadre/aspj/airchronicles/apj/apj09/spr09/monroe.html#monroe (accessed 12 June 2009)

96. Ibid.

97. Ibid.

98. Ibid.

99.  Ibid.

100. Ibid.

101. Ibid.

102. Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, America’s Strategic Posture (final report) op. cit.,  p.69

103. Elaine M. Grossman, Global Security Newswire, “Top U.S. General spurns Obama pledge to reduce nuclear alert posture” NTI  27 February 2009 https://gsn.nti.org/siteservices/print_friendly.php?ID=nw_20090227_8682 (accessed 12 June 2009)

104. U.S. Department of Defense, DOD Dictionary of Military Terms, https://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/ (accessed 26 May, 2009); See also Amy F. Woolf, “Non-strategic Nuclear Weapons,” Congressional Research Service, 28 January, 2009 p. 4 https://ftp.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL32572.pdf (accessed 26 May, 2009)

105. Ibid.

106. Dr. Mark Schneider, “The Nuclear Forces and Doctrine of the Russian Federation,” United States Nuclear Strategy Forum, 2006 https://74.125.95.132/search?q=cache:DqUyvn_dgMEJ:www.nipp.org/Adobe/Russian%2520nuclear%2520doctrine%2520–%2520NSF%2520for%2520print.pdf+%22mark+schneider%22+%22nuclear+forces+and+doctrine+of+the+russian+federation%22&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us  (accessed 12 June 2009)

107. Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, America’s Strategic Posture (final report) op. cit., p.xvii  THE NEW DETERRENT WORKING GROUP  67

108. Ibid. p. 12

109. Ibid. p. 13

110. Ibid.

111. Ibid. p. 21

112. Ibid. p. 29

113. Ibid. p. 67

114. Ibid. p. 68

115. New Deterrent Working Group, Towards a New Deterrent, op. cit. (1 March 2009)

116. Ibid.

117. Ibid.

118. Ibid.

119. U.S. Department of Energy, Department of Defense, National Security and Nuclear Weapons in the 21st  Century, op. cit., p. 12

120. Peter Huessy, “Exclusive: Is Reduction of Nuclear Weapons Akin to Disarming the Sheriff?” Family Security Matters, 2 May 2009 https://www.familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.3143,css.print/pub_detail.asp (accessed 5 May 2009)

121. Peter Huessy, “U.S. Nuclear Deterrence Policy at Critical Crossroads – Will a Weaker Policy Make us Safer?” Family Security Matters (21 April 2009) https://www.familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.3054,css.print/pub_detail.asp (accessed 5 May 2009)

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